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Geography Curriculum

Key stage 2 National Curriculum 

Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom, Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features.They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.

Pupils should be taught:

Locational knowledge 

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities 
  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time 
  • Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

Place knowledge 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America Human and physical geography 

Describe and understand key aspects of: 

  • physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle
  • human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water Geography – key stages 1 and 2 4 Geographical skills and fieldwork 
  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied 
  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.


 Topics covered in each year group:

Year 3: 

Autumn - Where on earth are we?

Spring - Rivers and mountains

Summer - Do you like to be beside the seaside?

Year 4: 

Autumn - How our country is changing?

During our walk around our local area we identified area which though could be possible locations for regeneration.

Spring - Where should we go on holiday?

Summer - Are we damaging our world?

Year 5:

Autumn - Earthquakes and volcanoes

Spring - Great American Road trip

Summer - Amazon

Year 6: 

Autumn - Is climate cool?

Here are examples of year 6 Biomes that they have created.

Spring - Where does our stuff come from?

Summer - How will our world look in the future?